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Users need to realize, this app (and similar ones) are dependent and/or influenced by several external factors.
1) The information returned by SMART is open to interpretation. In many cases, manufacturers themselves don't adhere to the same interpretation of what a particular data field means relative to their product. Ultimately, the manufacturer of the drive decides how and what to report back. There really isn't any enforcement to keep manufacturers in line as far as how their devices report.
Once data is returned, then SOME programs that try to calculate and give a 'probability' of failure or life expectancy rating.; these ratings need to be taken in context, or at least take with grain of salt. There are several industry studies which have shown that correlation between SMART data, predictions made based on the data and actual failure rates, is NOT that strong...possibly only correlated in less than a third of hard drive failures. I've had rotational drives during the initial 'burn in' period that show a increase in some of the so called negative indicators (bad sectors reallocated); but then 'settle down' and continue working fine for years afterwards with no increases. Don't get caught up too much in what SMART data is saying, unless you see a trend overtime. Your strategy should be to always have multiple backups of key data, so that when and if a drive fails, your data is safe, rather than obsessing about whether to replace a drive the first time it shows any negative indication.
2) Regards SSDs, the SMART standard and specification was developed at a time when all drives were rotational. When it comes to SSD/non mechanical drives, many of the data types/info defined by SMART are ambiguous at best, or meaningless, or at worse used by manufacturers to bolster their product when in fact they are irrelevant. Some makers have added on additional data fields to report so called 'SSD' specific info, but other makers are not required to use them, or if they do, don't necessarily report back the same data, since the definition is so open. Or worse, they will come up with a way to report back a lower value and use that in a positive spin, even the meaning of what that data really indicates has been redefined by them. A perfect example is data field 231, loosely defined as 'Life Left' for SSD drive. Remember, this is data reported back by the drive based on the manufacturer's interpretation. Using different criteria, Samsung drives might report back a million erase cycles remaining, but Crucial drives might use that field to report back that 50% reserved space is left.
So, in the case of Samsung, if the drive was rated for 2 million erases cycles, does that mean the drive has 50% of life remaining; on a Crucial drive, if you never get close to using the full capacity, 50% reserved space isn't really a factor; and what actually can be inferred from that as far as 'Life Remaining'. For example, when a manufacturer says this SSD drive reports 'zero' whatever, i.e. my product is good....well, actually ALL SSDs are going to report a zero for that data, or some might report '100', but so what, because it has no relevance for non-mechanical drives.
Most people I suspect pay particular attention to the 'reallocated bad sector' data; for rotational drives that makes good sense. For SSDs, the data has less relevance, because the standard hasn't evolved to define what that really means for SSDs, so manufacturer's have, of course, used this ambiguity to dictate the data returned to put their product in a better light. With modern SSDs and controlers using techniques likes over provisioning, trim, garbage collection, etc. it can be open to interpretation what a 'bad sector' is. Manufacturer's can take a problem 'memory location' and move it to the over provisioning bucket of memory, or mark it to never be trimmed or garbage collected....does that mean they have to report it as a 'bad sector'. It's straight forward to associate an actual physical location of a bad sector when it comes to rotational device; for a memory device, it's a little more complicated. A 'sector of data' on a rotational drive is 512 bytes at a physical location on the disk. With SSDs the smallest block is 512 KB (a thousand times larger), made up of pages, which can be variable, but frequently 4KB. These pages may or not be continguous in the 'traditional' sense, and can CHANGE internally without any knowledge to the operating system. This happens when an SSD drive performs it's own internal clean up, provisioning and trim operations. Windows and macOS still see that 'sector' of your Word document as sitting at sector 143,245; but internally, the drive can move the location and composition of that block around.
3) In order to retrieve SMART data, requires either an interface that is capable of doing so, or a direct method to the drive which requires specific knowledge of the model and how to retrieve the info (without using the standard interface commands). Internal drives on a SATA bus have no issues, the SATA spec provides for the proper commands to query a drive and report back the data. External drives are dependent on the chipset of the enclosure as to whether the interface supports the SMART commands needed to query the drive and return the SMART data. Older USB external interfaces (as well as Firewire) did not have this pass through capability. Newer interfaces which support USB Attached SCSI (UAS) or USB Attached SCSI Protocol (UASP). do allow for SMART data retrieval, so when you buy an external drive or stand alone enclosure or drive dock, make sure it supports UASP
End of the day, it's fine we have programs that report back SMART info. For rotational drives, more useful, for SSD's, not as much. How you personally, or the programs that retrieve data, interpret what that data means, can be subjective, particularly when it comes to trying to predict failure or life expectancy (again, better for rotational, not so much SSDs). Generally speaking, mechanical devices physically wear down over time, so may be possible to see a trend and they 'fail over time'. Pure electronic components tend to not show 'symptoms' or degradation over time, for lack of a better word; they work until such time that they don't work. That's why I said it's better to be sure that you have multiple backups rather than obsess too much about whether a particular device is showing signs of failure or going to fail.

BP 1.0.3 and bbPress – Which version, plugins & cookies

  • Apr 27, 2010 Download KeyMaster for Mac to manage your passwords. There are two executables for version 1.0.3. A 10.4 universal and a 10.5+ universal version. The 10.4 version has the auto update feature.
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  • Which version of bbPress are we suppose to use for BP 1.0.3?

    Do we need to use the buddypress-enable plugin?

    Has anyone integrated the latest versions of wpmu, bp & bb with a fresh install?

    If you do have group discussions working & users integrated, (fresh install or not) what cookie settings are you using & what other codes have you added to the wp and bb-config files? And are you running it on localhost?

    Thanks in advance!!

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  • +1 on the topic. We’ve given up at this point as we can’t deploy anything other than the latest, non-beta releases.

    I have been able to successfully install and configure the following as a clean installation:

    WordPress MU 2.8.1

    bbPress 1.0.1

    BuddyPress 1.0.3

    I will post a *rough* outline of the steps for the installation. My installation is on a test server (Mac running php 5.3.0 under xampp ??? beta)

    You need to get WordPress 2.8.1 and bbPress login integration working successfully first.

    I’ll try and duplicate the installation and then post instructions. It should be relatively straightforward once you know the tricks.

    Unfortunately, I’m having trouble duplicating the installation.

    For my sucessful installation, bbPress presented me with a “dropdown” list allowing me to select the keymaster user. I then picked my WordPress admin user. It all worked well from there.

    For the duplicate installation the bbPress installer shows text fields for entering the “keymaster” user details.

    This process is painful!

    If it does that, just create a new user as keymaster with another email. Login, integrate, change settings on your admin user to make him keymaster. logout, login as new user. Delete first keymaster! Life’s Good!

    I have finally been able to duplicate the installation.

    Here’s a relatively complete set of steps for guidance. This took me several hours to prepare and it can be easy to make a stupid error along the way. Just take it slow.

    These steps are for WordPress MU 2.8.1, bbPress 1.0.1 and buddyPress 1.0.3.

    1. Download and install WordPress MU 2.8.1

    2. Install the “bbPress Integration” plugin version 1.0 via the “Plugins” -> “Add New” menu of your wordpress mu installation.

    In the search box enter ‘bbPress Integration” and click “Search Plugins”.

    Click the “Install” link for the “bbPress Integration” version 1.0 plugin.

    Click the orange “Install Now” button.

    Click the “Activate Plugin” link.

    3. Download and install bbPress 1.0.1 in a sub-directory of your wordpress installation.

    I chose the sub-directory “/forums/”.

    4. Load up the bbPress installation script by going to /forums/'>http://<yourdomain>/forums/

    5. Click “Go to step 1”.

    6. Enter the database name, database user and database password that you used for your wordpress installation.

    You will not usually need to click “Show advanced settings”.

    7. Click “Save database configuration file”.

    You should see a message “Your settings have been saved to the file bb-config.php. You can now continue to the next step.”

    8. Click “Go to step 2”.

    9. Next you add the integration settings. This is the important part!

    – click “Add integration settings”

    – click “Add cookie integration settings”

    – you will be presented with a list of eight text entry fields

    – the first two are for your wordpress and blog url. For each of these enter your exact urls. I just used the same value for each. They need to commence with http://

    – for all the cookie values just enter “COMMENT OUT”. These will become reference points in the bbpress config file for later.

    10. Click “Add user database integration settings”. This step is also important!

    Leave the existing value in the “User database table prefix” field.

    Enter the WordPress Primary blog id value “1” – THIS IS IMPORTANT.

    11. Click “Save WordPress integration settings”

    If all is well you should see this message.

    Your WordPress integration cookie and database settings have been successfully validated. They will be saved after the next step.

    Once you have finished installing, you should visit the WordPress integration section of the bbPress admin area for further options and integration instructions, including user mapping and the correct cookie settings to add to your WordPress configuration file.

    12. Click “Go to step 3”.

    – enter your site name

    – enter your site url. I entered the url to the forums including the http://


    – select the “admin” user for your wordpress installation

    – enter a name for your first forum e.g. “Announcements”

    13. Click the “Save site settings” button

    14. Click the “Complete the installation” button

    15. You should see a screen indicating installation has completed.

    – click the “Show installation messages” option. Scroll through and see of any errors are reported.

    16. At this point you should be able to login to your bbpress installation with your wordpress admin username and password.

    17. Login to bbPress

    18. Click the “Admin” link to go to the admin screen

    19. Go to “Settings” -> “Writing” and enable XML-RPC publishing protocol (this is needed by buddyPress)

    20. Go to “Settings” -> “Discussion” and enable pingbacks (I think this is needed by buddyPress ….?)

    21. Go to “Users”

    22. Go to “Settings” -> “WordPress Integration”

    Set the mapping of bbPress roles to WordPress users roles

    For the WordPress Administrator role select “bbPress Key Master”.

    For all the others select “bbPress Member”.

    Click “Save Changes”

    23. Login to WordPress MU as the admin.

    24. Go to “Plugins -> Add New”

    25. Enter “bbPress Integration” and click “Search Plugins”.

    – you should see “bbPress Integration” 1.0 listed

    – click “install”

    – click the orange “Install Now” button

    – click “Acrivate Plugin”

    26. Go to “Settings” -> “bbPress Integration”

    Ensure there is a full url for the bbPress forums entered.

    Select WordPress type “WordPress MU”

    Click “Save Changes”

    Copy the values listed in the dark grey box at the bottom of your page into your clipboard. There will be four lines that look something like this:

    define( ‘COOKIEHASH’, ‘da4672dda66fd60a6b80e420d32ef26c’ );

    define( ‘COOKIE_DOMAIN’, ‘’ );

    define( ‘SITECOOKIEPATH’, ‘/’ );

    define( ‘COOKIEPATH’, ‘/’ );

    Don’t worry – these values will be different for your installation.

    Open wp-config.php in an editor and insert these lines immediately after the opening “<?php” line.

    Whilst you have wp-config.php open, copy the authentication keys to your clipboard. They look like this:

    define(‘AUTH_KEY’, ‘800345c011dfad9261cedec0a3d914ffa1b40d67b23b66e4809797ce728f0b80’);

    define(‘SECURE_AUTH_KEY’, ‘5d6d3f657c9fb496e3f5488044fc174c238554a1b5347eb633ea8baecf0dcc7c’);

    define(‘LOGGED_IN_KEY’, ‘6749832494719d8217e06c233326cb86da9ec040b16f705156660e1642a5f0e8’);

    define(‘NONCE_KEY’, ’87a5b149e95e0a13020541040353548eaf65b68452be91c685e96a7fbab685bc’);

    define(‘AUTH_SALT’, ‘8ff197cc15f311c975bd14ce131e7872eb390706bd316f72435c081836d14f34’);

    define(‘LOGGED_IN_SALT’, ‘642683992ae38da46082bf9850ab90273deb7d5d1034baf80a3fd32871b5e04a’);

    define(‘SECURE_AUTH_SALT’, ‘7c066b9c14bd558737b74b76c77f928e3612935832a6a47bd70842e118c947fa’);

    They will be different for your installation.

    Save wp-config.php

    27. Open bb-config.php

    Find the lines containing the Authentication Unique Keys. They will have the values “COMMENT OUT” if you followed the instructions above. Comment these lines out!

    Insert the lines from your clipboard into bb-config.php below the lines you commented out.

    You need to edit each line you inserted and prefix the name of each constant with “BB_”

    After doing that, the lines will be something like:

    define(‘BB_AUTH_KEY’, ‘800345c011dfad9261cedec0a3d914ffa1b40d67b23b66e4809797ce728f0b80’);

    define(‘BB_SECURE_AUTH_KEY’, ‘5d6d3f657c9fb496e3f5488044fc174c238554a1b5347eb633ea8baecf0dcc7c’);

    define(‘BB_LOGGED_IN_KEY’, ‘6749832494719d8217e06c233326cb86da9ec040b16f705156660e1642a5f0e8’);

    define(‘BB_NONCE_KEY’, ’87a5b149e95e0a13020541040353548eaf65b68452be91c685e96a7fbab685bc’);

    define(‘BB_AUTH_SALT’, ‘8ff197cc15f311c975bd14ce131e7872eb390706bd316f72435c081836d14f34’);

    define(‘BB_LOGGED_IN_SALT’, ‘642683992ae38da46082bf9850ab90273deb7d5d1034baf80a3fd32871b5e04a’);

    define(‘BB_SECURE_AUTH_SALT’, ‘7c066b9c14bd558737b74b76c77f928e3612935832a6a47bd70842e118c947fa’);

    Save the file and exit.

    28. Clear cookies and Refresh for your domain. In Firefox you can clear cookies for a specific domain pattern.

    29. Login to your wordpress installation as the wordpress admin user.

    30. Assuming you managed to follow the setps above, If you go to your bbPress page you should find that you are logged in!

    31. From WordPress Admin go to “Plugins” -> “Add New”

    – in the search box enter “BuddyPress” and click “Search Plugins”

    – find BuddyPress 1.0.3 in the list

    – click “Install”

    – click the orange “Install Now” button

    – click “Activate Plugin”

    32. BuddyPress is now installed. Follow the BuddyPress instructions for installing the themes to the correct locations and activate them.

    33. In wp-admin go to “BuddyPress” -> “Component Setup” and check that the “bbPress Forums” component is enabled.

    34. In wp-admin go tp “BuddyPress” -> “Forums Setup”

    – ensure that the URL for the forums is entered

    – ensure that the bbPress username and password details have been setup

    – click “Save Settings”

    35. Create a group with option selected for a forum.

    36. Check that you can post topics in the group forum!

    37. Take a break!

    Thanks for that. I like step-by-step instructions!

    Thanks to Graeme for the tutorial and to Chris for showing us the light…

    Thanks Graeme! I spent the last 2 days trying to get a fresh MU2.8.1/BP1.03/BB1.01 build going, but it just wasn’t clicking. This did it for me.

    @TheEasyButton … the instructions on your site for 2.7.1 really helped me with this. I must have spent several days trying to work out the correct steps.

    Hey there,

    All the steps posted are just great and simple to follow

    Thanks for it Graeme

    WPMU, BP, and BB is working good. But I just can’t get the logins to work, I mean when I login into WPMU, I am not automatically logged into BBPress Forum.

    I am guessing thats the reason why in my BuddyPress, the forum is working fine, but who ever posts, there is no gravtar or name is seen

    Can someone help, what might have gone wrong.?

    This is great I am sure it will be much used. Perhaps it should be cut and pasted into a post entitled WP 2.8.1/BP 1.01/bbPress 1.0.3 (or something) Integration and made sticky.

    I have read several people say they are on hold or gave up due to the difficulty in integrating these pieces. It is a shame it is difficult because all three are top of class work. Our forums are faster and cleaner than anything we have used in the past.

    If only integrating cookies, users, and looks was a button click I think 90% of the frustration would be gone IMHO.

    WP 2.8.4a + BB 1.0.3 + BP 1.0.2

    Stuff to add to the instruction:

    38. Open bbpress’ bb-config.php

    put this right before ?> at the end

    $bb->bb_xmlrpc_allow_user_switching = true;

    put this right after <?php (replace with your info see step #26 leave out the hash part)

    define( ‘COOKIE_DOMAIN’, ‘’ );

    define( ‘SITECOOKIEPATH’, ‘/’ );

    define( ‘COOKIEPATH’, ‘/’ );

    40. install “WPMU Enable bbPress Capabilities” plugin in WPMU and enable it.

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